Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure utilized for diagnosing & treating problems of the joints. Orthopedic surgeon will insert a narrow tube for this purpose which is attached to a optic video camera, through a small incision which is about the size of a buttonhole. Subsequently, the view inside the joint is transmitted to a high-definition video monitor screen. Arthroscopy procedure allows orthopedic surgeons look inside the patient’s joints without making any large incision. Surgeons can also repair some types of joint damage during arthroscopy surgery with the help of pencil-thin surgical instruments which are inserted through additional small incisions.
Orthopedic surgeons basically use arthroscopy surgery for diagnosing & treating a variety of joint conditions. Some of the most common joints which can be successfully treated through arthroscopy include the following.
In case X-rays and/or other imaging tests have left some diagnostic questions unanswered, orthopedic surgeons would often turn to arthroscopy so as to confirm diagnosis.
Medical conditions which can be successfully treated with arthroscopy surgery include the following.
Although uncommon, complications arising after arthroscopy surgery include the following.
Exact preparation for arthroscopy surgery will depend upon which joint is under examination or repair or both. General preparations for arthroscopy surgery include the following.
Every patient’s experience varies depending upon the reason they are undergoing arthroscopy surgery procedure including the joint which is involved in treatment. However, some aspects of arthroscopy surgery like the following remain fairly standard.
The type of anesthesia employed for operation varies by the specifics of procedure. One of the following 3 types is generally involved.
Patients will be placed in the best position depending upon the procedure they are undergoing. This may include being placed on the back, upon the abdomen or on the side. The limb which is to be worked upon will be put in a positioning device & a tourniquet may be used so as to decrease blood loss & make it easy for surgeons to see inside the joint. Another technique which helps to improve view inside the joint is to fill it with a sterile fluid. This will eventually distend the area & provide more room for viewing. One simple & small incision will admit the viewing device while additional small incisions at different points along the joint will allow surgeons to insert surgical tools which will help them grasp, grind, cut & provide suction as required for repairing the joint. These incisions will be small enough so as to be closed with just one or two stitches, or with the help of narrow strips of sterile adhesive tape.
Arthroscopy surgery operation usually takes anywhere between 30 – 120 minutes of time to complete depending upon the type of procedure. Following this, patients will be taken to a separate room for recovery where they will stay monitored for a few hours before being discharged for going home. Arthroscopy surgery aftercare includes taking the following steps.
Patients should also call on the surgeons if they develop the following conditions.
Arthroscopy surgery patients are generally able to resume light activity & desk work within a week following procedure. More strenuous activity can also be resumed in about 4 weeks of time. However, some situations can dictate a longer recovery period & rehabilitation following arthroscopy surgery.
Surgeons will review findings of arthroscopy surgery with patients as soon as possible. Patients can also expect to receive a written report. Healing may at times take several weeks after arthroscopic surgery was employed to treat joint disease or injury. Surgeons in the meantime will however monitor progress during follow-up visits & address any problems when they crop up.
Advantage of arthroscopy surgery over traditional open surgery is that the joint does not have to be fully opened up for treatment. Knee arthroscopy involves only two small incisions which are made for operation. One accommodates the arthoscope & the other allows surgical instruments to explore & operate within the knee cavity. Arthroscopy also reduces time for recovery while increasing rate of success due to lesser trauma inflicted upon the connective tissue. This is especially useful for professional athletes who frequently injure knee joints while requiring faster healing at the same time. India, which has recently emerged as a leading global medical tourism destination boasts of a wide network of internationally accredited hospitals & top orthopedic surgeons who are aware of emerging trends in healthcare along with a capacity to handle latest advanced technologies. IndianMedTrip, which is associated with the best bone & joint hospitals & orthopedic surgeons, is a globally reputed healthcare tourism platform providing a variety of low cost medical procedures including arthroscopic surgery for joint problems to people from all around the world. IndianMedTrip services start with the first telephone conversation with the patient & go on to assist in identifying the right doctor & hospital for treatment, help in obtaining medical visa, warm reception at airport on arrival, convenient travel & comfortable accommodation, scheduled appointments & treatment procedures without any waiting period, exotic recuperative vacation options, follow-up appointments & finally a successful farewell.