Cervical discs act as shock absorbers or cushions between bones of the back and neck or the vertebrae. When discs are damaged, they move out of their position and apply pressure on nerve roots. This can cause pain in the neck, numbness in arms & tingling sensations. Majority of patients suffering from this can be treated with braces, physical therapy & pain killers. However a small number of patients do not respond to non-operative treatments and thus need an Artificial Disc Replacement Surgery as a solution.
Artificial Disc Replacement Surgery is the latest treatment in the medical field. In this surgical procedure, disc is removed and the space is covered with bone graft. In due span of time, a solid bridge of bones across the two vertebrae is formed and previously painful segment is made pain free.
Artificial Disk Replacement Surgery is not suitable for all patients with low back pain. In general, good candidates for Artificial Disk Replacement Surgery have the following characteristics.
There are many Artificial Disc Replacement Surgeries which are generally classified into two following types:
Artificial disc Replacement Surgery usually takes about 3 to 4 hours of time and it is performed under general anesthesia, which means the patient remains in a sleeping condition during operation. Doctors approach the lower backside from the front through an incision in abdomen of the patient. This allows doctors to access spine of the patient without moving internal nerves. During this procedure, doctors remove the problematic disk and then insert an artificial disk implant into the disk space. It may take up to six weeks for a patient to return to normal activities after an Artificial Disc Replacement Surgery has been performed, however it could be longer before more athletic exercises, such as sports, can be pursued. The patient is often required to wear a brace support for up to 10 weeks following such surgical treatments in order to encourage quick healing.
There are various disk designs & each is unique, but all have a similar goal of reproducing function of a normal intervertebral disk. Some disks are manufactured of metal, while others are a combination of plastic & metal. Materials used include medical grade cobalt chromium and medical grade plastic. Surgeons will discuss with patients about which disk design is best suited for them.
Success rate in India for Artificial Disc Replacement Surgery is high & up to 90%. This also depends upon the condition of the damaged disc.
Artificial Disc Replacement Surgery remains the “gold standard” for treating low back pain patients. International patients traveling to India for Artificial Disc Replacement Surgery can have savings of tens of thousands of dollars. They may save between 50 – 80% on costs normally found in other countries like the United States.
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