Send Us your Enquiry  

Atrial Septal Defect

A heart is one of the significant parts of our body. It is a dark reddish colored organ which pumps oxygenated blood throughout the body. These days, cardiovascular diseases have become one of the leading cause of deaths across the world. Majority of these heart diseases and conditions result from sedentary lifestyle and improper eating habits. Whereas, some heart diseases may be present at birth. Such heart defects are termed as congenital heart defects. It is important to treat these life-threatening heart defects on time to maintain a good cardiovascular health of child.

Atrial Septal Defect

What is Atrial Septal Defect?

Septum separates upper chamber of heart into two portions. Also known as, ‘hole in the heart’, atrial septal defect (ASD) occurs due to improper development of septum in child’s heart. Abnormally formed septum results in mixing of non-oxygenated blood with oxygenated blood. This leads to circulation of lower oxygen-containing blood throughout the body and ultimately causes serious problems.

Causes and Risk Factors

Root cause of atrial septal defect is unknown. However, medical professionals state that genes and environmental factors may cause this condition. The following list elaborates the major risk factors of atrial septal defect.

  • Overweight – Obesity increases the possibility of ASD in baby. Expecting mothers should talk to medical care providers in order to stay healthy during pregnancy.
  • Rubella or German measles – Rubella infection in women during their pregnancy phase increases the risk of ASD in babies.
  • Drugs and Medications – Ladies should avoid the use of certain medications and drugs during their pregnancy. Alcohol consumption and habit of smoking may lead to the development of atrial septal defect and various other problems in babies.
  • Diabetes – Diabetic patients should strictly follow the instructions of surgeons during pregnancy in order to avoid complications like ASD in their infants.
  • Phenylketonuria – Phenylketonuria in women increases the possibility of heart defects in children.

Diagnosing Atrial Septal Defect

Cardiac surgeons may order the following tests for diagnosis of ASD.

Diagnosing Atrial Septal Defect

  • Regular Examination – Cardiac surgeons may check the heartbeat pattern of children using a stethoscope. A murmuring sound usually indicates the presence of underlying heart problem. Surgeons may order various imaging tests to find out the root cause behind this condition.
  • X-Ray Scan – X-ray scan produces detailed images of intrinsic areas including heart. It helps the cardiac surgeons to examine the exact condition of heart.
  • Echocardiogram – Echocardiogram test enables surgeons to precisely monitor heart valves and pumping action of heart.
  • Electrocardiogram Test – This test involves recording the electrical activity of heart. It can determine the extent of damage to heart blood vessels due to heart defect.
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging Scan (MRI Scan) – MRI scan can efficiently generate images of heart and other internal organs with the help of radio waves and strong magnetic field. Cardiac surgeons may use MRI scan technique to produce 3-dimensional pictures of heart.

Treatments for Atrial Septal Defect

Medicines alone cannot cure the atrial septal heart defects. However, essential medicines can help to control the signs and symptoms of atrial septal defect to a large extent. Surgical treatment procedure is necessary to treat hole in the heart permanently and these medicines can help children to recover faster following the recommended surgery. The enumerated surgeries are suggested in most instances.

  • Cardiac catheterization Procedure – This procedure is performed with the help of imaging methods. During cardiac catheterization, surgeons guide a thin and flexible tube known as a catheter through child’s artery in neck or groin area to the heart. Generally, surgeons set a patch at an appropriate position for closing the hole.
  • Open-Heart Surgery – Open heart surgery is the most common method performed to treat atrial septal defects in children. It is performed under general anesthesia. Surgeons stop the heart temporarily with the help of medications to access the heart. A heart-lung device is used for supplying oxygenated blood throughout the body during operation. Usually, surgeons cover the hole with a patch. Parents must regularly take their children to the hospital for attending follow-up sessions. It will help control any post-surgical complications.

Apart from above-mentioned treatment methods, various minimally invasive procedures are also being performed these days to treat atrial septal defects.

Atrial Septal Heart Defect Treatment in India

India has emerged as one of the top-class healthcare providers across the world. Availability of latest medical provisions like state-of-the-art technology has made India a preferable cardiac care destination. Atrial septal defect treatment cost in western countries is quite high. Whereas, majority of hospitals in India provide finest treatments for heart problems including atrial septal heart defects at most economical prices. Indian cardiologists and heart specialists follow international protocols and norms to ensure safety and enable children to enjoy life to the fullest. IndianMedTrip is a fastest emerging medical tourism company in India. Healthcare consultants at IndianMedTrip aim to provide best available cardiac treatments to international patients under the guidance of top cardiologists in India. Therefore, overseas patients willing to avail cost-effective treatment for atrial septal defect for their children in a hassle-free manner can highly rely on IndianMedTrip.

Share on FacebookShare on Google+Tweet about this on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on StumbleUpon

Plan Your Med Trip