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Awake Brain Surgery for Treating Brain Tumors and Seizures

Neurological conditions like brain tumors and epilepsy can adversely impact an individual’s quality of life if not treated properly. In some cases, the underlying brain tumor or the place where epileptic seizures occur is not safe to operate. They may be located near sensitive areas of brain that manage vital functions of the body. There lies a risk of severe nerve damage if surgery is performed for such conditions. Any minor mistake during the operation can lead to lifelong disability or even death of patients. Also referred to as ‘intraoperative brain mapping’, awake brain surgery is an advanced medical intervention that mainly focuses on sparing the healthy brain cells and nerves for minimizing serious complications. This is why this surgical procedure is performed by keeping patients in an awake state under influence of sedatives.

 Awake Brain Surgery

When is Awake Brain Surgery Recommended?

Intraoperative brain mapping or awake brain surgery is mostly recommended when respective neurosurgeons figure out that traditional brain surgery could be risky for patients suffering from epilepsy or brain tumors. For instance, when the location that provokes epilepsy is located near to the nerves that control speech of patients, traditional surgery may cause damage. Unfortunately, patients may have to face speech-related issues after completion of procedure. Their speaking ability may become dissolute permanently. In addition to this, intraoperative brain mapping helps doctors to pinpoint exact location of concern as patients stay awake throughout the surgery.


Preparing for Awake Brain Surgery

Patients diagnosed with epilepsy or brain tumors need to find highly experienced as well as skilled neurosurgeons for their awake brain surgery. It will maximize the likelihood of getting desired outcomes following the procedure.

  • General Health Evaluation – At first, doctors will request patients to undergo a medical evaluation to ensure patients are not obese or suffering from problems like sleep apnea. Such health conditions may interfere with the results of intraoperative brain mapping
  • Memory Test – Memory test is a crucial step before patients opt for awake brain surgery. During this test, speech-language pathologists will show some pictures on a computer system to patients and note their response. For example, they may show them some colors or places and feed the answers in computer. The same pictures are shown to patients during awake brain surgery and their response will be matched with the previous answers to check normal functioning of their brain.
  • Complete Information – Respective doctors will give complete information regarding intraoperative brain mapping surgery to patients prior they sign the consent form. Doctors will explain them the advantages of undergoing this neurosurgery, awake brain surgery cost and its potential risks and complications.


Procedure for Awake Brain Surgery

Awake brain surgery is performed with the help of following steps. A team of anesthesiologists and speech-language pathologists will monitor patients while neurosurgeons perform the surgery.

  • Numbing of Scalp – Patient’s scalp will be entirely numbed by using essential medications in the beginning of operation for minimizing pain and uneasiness. Patients will be asleep only during this particular time interval when doctors open their skull as well as at the end when surgeons will reattach the skull.
  • Access to Skull – Respective neurosurgeons will keep patient’s head in a still position and clip their hair for reducing the chances of complications. After that, they will carefully make incisions and open a portion of patient’s skull in order to reach their brain.
  • Intraoperative Brain MappingIntraoperative brain mapping is simply a procedure that uses a three-dimensional (3D) system equipped with magnetic resonance imaging technique for generating precise images of sensitive regions of brain. It enables respective neurosurgeons to monitor, identify, and analyze main function-controlling areas of patient’s brain. During this period, patients are awake but sedated. Intraoperative brain mapping neurosurgery allows doctors to maintain a high degree of accuracy while they remove the brain tumors surgery or areas causing epileptic seizures.
  • Comparison of Answers – Speech pathologists play a major role in determining the success of this neurosurgery. They will repeat the same questions to patients which they had asked them during preoperative phase. They will see whether their answers match. It will help them as well as the neurosurgeons to keep a track of underlying brain’s condition of patients. Neurosurgeons will remove the trouble-causing brain tumors or regions that provoke epilepsy in a careful manner. At the end, patients will be made sleepy by injecting anesthesia and doctors will reattach the portion of skull. This step marks completion of awake brain surgery.


Risks and Complications Associated with Awake Brain Neurosurgery

The following list describes main risks and complications associated with awake brain neurosurgery.

  • Loss of Functionality – Patients may encounter complication like changes in eyesight, loss of memory, muscle weakness, and speaking problems after completion of awake brain surgery.
  • Stroke – In some instances, stroke may occur following intraoperative brain mapping
  • Swelling and Blood Loss – Swelling around brain and heavy blood loss are the most common complication associated with awake brain surgery.
  • Spinal Fluid Leakage – Spinal fluid may leak and create complications for patients after completion of this

Patients must stay careful and call respective doctors immediately if they experience any of these complications to avoid severe health damage.


Recovery Following Awake Brain Neurosurgery

Patients may be asked to stay in health care centers for a couple of days. During this period, neurosurgeons are likely to order magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) test to check brain’s condition. It will help them figure out current status of internal brain and nearby tissues. Doctors may give some medicines if patients experience any kind of discomfort or pain after completion of this neurosurgery. Complete recovery may take eight to twelve weeks. Patients must visit hospital for postoperative care and follow the guidelines of neurosurgeons to heal speedily.


Avail High-Quality Awake Brain Surgery in India with IndianMedTrip

IndianMedTrip is a leading healthcare consulting firm in India. Medical consultants at IndianMedTrip are fully committed to providing finest neurosurgeries such as awake brain surgery in India to international patients at cost-effective rates. Overseas patients need not worry regarding awake brain surgery cost in India. To be honest, awake brain surgery cost in India is extremely less as compared to Gulf countries. In fact, awake brain surgery cost in India is just one-third of the total sum that doctors in other Gulf countries normally demand. IndianMedTrip caters free online healthcare consultation to patients and assists them in availing their medical visas in a hassle-free manner. Not just this, healthcare consultants at IndianMedTrip stay in touch with each and every patient throughout their awake brain surgery in India and also during postoperative time even when they fly back to their home countries. If you are someone looking for high-quality as well as cost-effective awake brain surgery in India, you can fill up a simple inquiry form that you will find on top rightmost corner of this page. You can also avail a free call-back facility. Medical consultants at IndianMedTrip will positively respond you back within 48 hours for further assistance. So, send your inquiry now for ensuring a healthy future.


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