Blood cancer is a type of cancer that attacks the blood, lymphatic system or bone marrow. Blood cancer affects the production and function of blood cells. Most of the blood cancers start in the bone marrow where blood is produced. Blood cancer represents a large group of different malignancies. The different group of these cancers includes lymphatic vessels, thymus, spleen, tonsils and digestive tract lymphoid tissue. These malignancies have varying prognoses which vary from patients to patients depending on their specific conditions. The causes of these cancers are still unknown.
There are three types of blood cancer:-
Leukemia: – Leukemia affects the white blood cells. The white blood cells are important, infection-fighting part of the immune system made in the bone marrow. If a person has leukemia they produce an abnormal number of immature white blood cells which clogs up the bone marrow and stop it making from other blood cells which are vital for a balanced immune system and healthy blood. Acute leukemia comes on suddenly which progresses quickly and needs to be treated urgently whereas chronic leukemia develops more slowly, over months or years. There are four main types of leukemia:
Lymphoma: – Lymphoma is a type of blood cancer which affects the lymphatic system which is an important part of the immune system that protects the body from infection and disease. If a person has lymphoma they make too many lymphocytes which are a type of white blood cell. Lymphocytes also live longer than they should. These lymphocytes overload and compromise the immune system. Lymphoma can develop in many parts of the body, including the lymph nodes, bone marrow, blood, spleen and other organs. The two main types of lymphoma are:
Multiple myelomas: – Myeloma is also called as multiple myelomas. This is a type of blood cancer of the plasma cells. These plasma cells are found in the bone marrow and produce antibodies which help fight infection. In myeloma, large numbers of abnormal plasma cells gather in the bone marrow and stop it from producing an important part of the immune system.
The symptoms of blood cancer depend on the infiltrated or affected organs by the cancer cells. Following are some of the symptoms of blood cancer:-
The specific cause of blood cancer is still unknown. There are various numbers of factors which are associated with its development. Blood cancers are more common among older adults. Some blood cancers tend to run in families and are genetic. There are some infections which also appear to increase the risk of blood cancer and weaken the immune system. Combination of genetic and environmental factors contributes towards the cause of blood cancer
There are number of factors that increase the risk of developing blood cancer Following are some of them:-
The treatment for blood cancer is performed with a goal to permanently cure cancer or to bring about a complete remission of the disease. The treatments options depend on many factors such as age overall health, the type of blood cancer and its spread to other parts of the body. Some blood cancers grow slowly enough that delaying treatment may be an option. Several therapies are available to treat blood cancers. Following are some of the Common treatments for blood cancer:-
Biological therapy: – Biological therapy works by using treatments that help the immune system recognize and attack cancerous cells.
Chemotherapy: – Chemotherapy is the major form to treat blood cancer. Chemotherapy uses drug treatment and chemicals to kill cancerous cells. Depending on the type of blood cancer the patient may receive a single drug or a combination of drugs which are injected directly into a vein.
Radiation therapy: – Radiation therapy uses X-rays or other high-energy beams to damage cancerous cells and stop their growth. The patient may receive radiation in one specific area of the body where there are cancerous cells. Radiation therapy may also be used to prepare for a stem cell transplant.
Stem cell transplant: – A stem cell transplant is a procedure to replace in which the diseased bone marrow is replaced with healthy bone marrow. Prior to stem cell therapy, the patient may receive high doses of chemotherapy or radiation therapy to destroy the diseased bone marrow.
Targeted therapy: – Targeted therapy uses drugs that attack specific vulnerabilities within the cancer cells.
The overall survival rates of people suffering from with blood cancer have increased radically in India because of the development of advanced medical treatments available for blood cancer. Treatment for blood cancer is available in India at the most economical costs. IndianMedTrip has a large network of associated surgeons and healthcare facilities in India. IndianMedTrip always ensures that their patient gets best ever medical treatment possible right from planning the medical procedures to the exotic tourism. Consultants at IndianMedTrip offers customized packages to their patients according to their personal requirements. IndianMedTrip also offers services such as from accommodation, food, traveling, fixing appointments with doctors, follow-ups and visits to exotic locations on request within the country.