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Carotid Endarterectomy as Treatment for Carotid Artery Disease

Present on either side of our neck, carotid arteries are the most vital blood vessels that are responsible for supplying oxygenated blood to brain. Carotid artery disease is a dreadful condition that occurs when these arteries get clogged due to development of waxy and fatty deposits referred to as ‘plaque’ on its wall. Carotid artery disease significantly raises the likelihood of getting brain stroke if left untreated. It may also cause permanent disability or even patient’s death over a period of time. Carotid endarterectomy surgery may prove beneficial in such instances. Patients diagnosed with carotid artery disease should consult well-experienced neurosurgeons in India regarding this surgical intervention at the earliest for retaining sound health status.

Carotid endarterectomy surgery 

What is Carotid Endarterectomy Surgery?

Carotid endarterectomy surgery is a medical procedure that can be implemented for unblocking the underlying narrowed carotid arteries. This procedure significantly improves the flow of blood to brain by removing unwanted plaque from the affected artery. Patients who are at an increased risk of getting stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) due to carotid artery disease can largely benefit by opting for carotid endarterectomy.


Good Candidates for Carotid Endarterectomy Surgery

Patients belonging to the following category are considered to be good candidates for carotid endarterectomy surgery.

  • Severe Blockage – Neurosurgeons generally recommend carotid endarterectomy to patients who have a severe carotid artery blockage of more than seventy percent.
  • Non Smokers – Non-smokers are considered to be suitable for this procedure as patients who smoke may encounter serious health issues in postoperative time and their recovery process may also get delayed. Therefore, patients who smoke should quit the habit as early as possible in order to undergo and obtain best results following carotid endarterectomy.
  • Overall Health – Patients suffering from chronic ailments such as cardiac diseases and kidney disorders are generally not considered to be ideal for undergoing carotid endarterectomy. Such patients may need to undergo several medical evaluation tests for confirming their health condition.


Preparing for Carotid Endarterectomy Surgery

Respective neurosurgeons may ask patients regarding their medical history along with the names of health supplements and medicines that they consume regularly during the initial medical consultation. After that, doctors may order imaging tests such as computerized tomography scan (CT scan) or magnetic resonance scan (MRI scan) to check every minute details of carotid arteries. These tests will generate high-resolution images of carotid artery that will help doctors in precise analysis. In addition to this, patients will need to follow the given set of rules during pre-operative time.

  • Maintain Healthy Weight – Patients who are overweight or obese will require shedding some weight prior to their endarterectomy surgery. Any exhausting physical exercise may not be suitable for patients. Therefore, doctors may advise them to follow a customized diet plan.
  • Avoid Smoking – Patients who smoke should avoid or completely quit smoking at least a couple of weeks before their carotid endarterectomy surgery. It will significantly boost their recovery process.
  • Sound State of Mind – Patients must not take any kind of stress and remain calm. Stress and anxiety may create trouble during their healing phase. Patients may try doing meditation for balancing their state of mind with ease.
  • Arranging a Caretaker – Patients may not be allowed to drive or even perform self-care activities by their own during initial days after completion of surgery. Therefore, they should ask someone to provide them assistance until they recover.
  • Essential Medications – Doctors may discontinue some previous medicines or ask patients to take some new medicines which can boost their health. Patients should take prescribed dosage of drugs and medicines without fail.

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Carotid Endarterectomy Surgery Procedure

Carotid endarterectomy surgery is performed with the help of given steps and it hardly requires two hours for its completion.

  • Choice of Anesthesia – Carotid endarterectomy surgery can be performed either by local anesthetic medicines or with the help of general anesthesia. General anesthesia puts patients in a sleeping state of being. While local anesthetics only sedate the patients so that they do not feel any discomfort during operation. In most instances, general anesthesia will be given to patients.
  • Making Incision – Respective doctors will clean neck area carefully and make a tiny cut or incision in order to access the narrowed carotid artery. They may use a thin medical tool which is clinically referred to as ‘shunt’ for maintaining the flow of blood temporarily until the operation is completed. In recent times, a sophisticated tool known as a catheter is widely being used in place of shunt.
  • Plaque Removal – Plaque is built due to accumulation of unwanted fatty deposits on arteries. Respective neurosurgeons insert catheter or shunt in carotid artery and begin to remove the plaque in a careful manner. They make sure patients do not encounter any kind of problem while they take off the plaque.
  • Closing Incision – Doctors close the incision with the help of a patch when plaque is removed entirely. This step marks end of carotid endarterectomy surgery. However, patients may have to stay in intensive care unit for some time in order to avoid the chances of severe complications following the operation.


Risks and Complications Associated with Carotid Endarterectomy Surgery

Carotid endarterectomy procedure is quite safe but it carries some potential risks. The given list elaborates the major risks and complications associated with carotid endarterectomy surgery.

  • Pain and Numbness – Patients may experience pain and numbness at site of incision around their neck during postoperative period. These complications can be managed by taking pain-controlling medicines.
  • Severe Infection – Patients may encounter severe infection due to insertion of catheter. They may need to take antibiotics to avoid such problems.
  • Restenosis – Plaque may accumulate again even after operation. Patients will need to attend follow-up care sessions in order to avoid likelihood of restenosis.
  • Nerve Damage – Some patients may encounter nerve damage following carotid endarterectomy. Prompt treatment is necessary in such cases.
  • Stroke or Death – Stroke is one of the major complications associated with this operation. It may lead to death of patients if immediate medical care is not given to patients.


Recovery Following Carotid Endarterectomy Surgery

Patients may have to stay in health care center for two days following carotid endarterectomy surgery. Patients are likely to feel pain around the operated region. They may be given pain-controlling medicines for that purpose. Patients will be able to chew solid food after some hours of their surgery. They may drink juices or intake other liquid diets to avoid uneasiness in neck. A postsurgical scar may appear at incision site which will fade away within a few months. Patients should maintain a healthy diet during this phase and visit doctors for follow-up sessions regularly to aid a speedy recovery.


Avail High-Quality Carotid Endarterectomy in India with IndianMedTrip

IndianMedTrip is one of the top-most healthcare consulting firms in India. Medical consultants at IndianMedTrip mainly aims at catering best healthcare facilities to overseas patients at cost-effective prices. They are closely associated with top neurosurgeons and accredited super-specialty hospitals that offer high-quality carotid endarterectomy in India. Carotid endarterectomy cost in Gulf countries like Saudi Arabia and Iran are quite high. To be honest, carotid endarterectomy cost in India is much less as compared to these Gulf countries. Carotid endarterectomy cost in Gulf countries is nearly thrice the prices that Indian hospitals ask for. However, low carotid endarterectomy cost does not mean the quality of treatment is compromised in India. Doctors associated with IndianMedTrip strictly maintain international protocols while addressing any case. Apart from this, IndianMedTrip offers free online healthcare consultation to patients and help them in availing their medical visas. They stay in touch with patients throughout their carotid endarterectomy in India as well as during recovery phase even when they fly back to their native places. If you are someone seeking top-class carotid endarterectomy in India, you may contact IndianMedTrip by filling a simple inquiry form. You may also try their free call-back service. Medical consultants at IndianMedTrip will surely respond you back within 48 hours. So, send your inquiry now for availing peerless carotid endarterectomy in India in a hassle-free manner.

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