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Endovascular Neurosurgery in India

Neurosurgery as such is a branch of surgery which treats diseases & conditions of brain & the entire nervous system associated with it. Radiology basically is a medical specialty which helps in diagnosing & treating diseases & conditions by utilizing various radiology techniques. Endovascular neurosurgery forms a subspecialty within neurosurgery which uses radiology & catheters so as to diagnose & treat various diseases & conditions pertaining to the central nervous system. Central nervous system embodies the brain along with the spinal cord. Endovascular neurosurgery medical specialty is also known as Neurointerventional Surgery. Interventional Neuroradiology happens to be a subspecialty within radiology which involves radiology & catheters for diagnosis & treatment of neurological diseases & conditions.

Endovascular Neurosurgery

What is Endovascular Neurosurgery?

The basic term ‘endovascular’ literally means “inside a blood vessel”. Endovascular neurosurgery utilizes tools which pass through blood vessels in order to diagnose & treat various conditions & diseases rather than using the open surgery method. Surgeons often use radiology images during endovascular neurosurgery so as to help them see parts of the body which are involved in the treatment procedure. Surgeons within this specialty also diagnose & treat various conditions of spinal cord utilizing similar techniques, but may not perform them through a blood vessel. These type of procedures are known as ‘minimally invasive’ simply because they normally require just a tiny incision for operation instead of larger incisions which are necessarily required in open surgery procedures.

Qualification for Endovascular Neurosurgery

Doctors specializing in endovascular neurosurgery require specific training in both radiology & neurosurgery. Therefore, after completion of a neurosurgery residency they will have to undergo a fellowship program in endovascular neurosurgery in order to qualify. Neurosurgeons may also be board certified in neurosurgery depending if there is a board certified specialty in endovascular neurosurgery within the country they are practicing. Doctors specializing in interventional neuroradiology also require to be trained in both, radiology & neurosurgery or neurology. Therefore, after a successful radiology residency they will be required to complete a fellowship in interventional neuroradiology in order to qualify as an endovascular neurosurgeon. Radiologists may also be board certified in neuroradiology through the board of radiology which is available within the country they practice.

Type of Endovascular Neurosurgery Procedures Performed by Specialists

Common endovascular neurosurgical procedures performed by endovascular neurosurgery & interventional neuroradiology include the following.

  • Thrombolytic TherapyThis endovascular neurosurgery procedure utilizes ‘clot-busting’ medications to dissolve clots within blood vessels in brain or within blood vessels elsewhere in the body.
  • Endovascular CoilingNeurosurgeons will insert a very thin metallic wire which forms a coil inside brain aneurysm so as to block the blood flow. Brain aneurysm is basically a bulging in the weakened area of the artery wall inside the brain which results in ballooning or abnormal widening. Since this artery wall is having a weakened spot, this aneurysm is at risk of bursting in case blood flow is not blocked. In such a situation, aneurysm can be effectively treated by clipping or coiling it closed.
  • Minimally Invasive Spine SurgeryThis is a technique which is commonly used to treat spinal disorders like compressed nerves, tumors, fractures & many other conditions which put pressure on the spinal cord.
  • Cerebral AngiographyThis is a radiology treatment procedure which takes a look as to how blood is flowing within the brain.
  • Carotid Artery Angioplasty/StentingThis endovascular neurosurgery procedure uses a small balloon and/or a tiny scaffold known as a stent in order to open narrowed carotid artery. Carotid artery is basically responsible for supplying blood to brain.

Conditions & Diseases Typically Treated by Endovascular Neurosurgery

  • CCF – Carotid-Cavernous Fistula
  • AVM – Brain Arteriovenous Malformation
  • Cerebral Aneurysm
  • Dural Arteriovenous Fistula
  • Head & Neck Tumors
  • Paraspinal & Extracranial (Head & Neck) Vascular Malformations
  • Extracranial – Branchiocephalic Atherosclerosis
  • Intracranial Atherosclerosis
  • Meningiomas
  • Juvenile Nasopharyngeal Tumor
  • Paragangliomas
  • Nosebleeds
  • Stroke
  • Vasospasm
  • Traumatic Vascular Lesions
  • Spinal Vascular Malformations
  • Vertebral Body Compression Fractures
  • Vertebral Body Tumors

Affordable Endovascular Neurosurgery in India

India provides an excellent opportunity for international patients to avail a wide spectrum of affordable medical solutions including endovascular neurosurgery in case they are seeking high quality healthcare procedures at reasonable costs. Doctors, surgeons, hospitals & healthcare professionals in India are at par with international standards & can provide solutions to complex healthcare problems for people from all around the world. Interventional neuroradiologists & endovascular neurosurgeons in India are well exposed to emerging trends & many of whom have in fact initially trained in developed western countries like UK, Canada & United States. IndianMedTrip is a globally reputed online medical tourism company which is associated with top surgeons & the best internationally accredited hospital facilities in the country. They are therefore in a good position to provide high quality yet low cost medical procedure for people across the world willing to travel to India for medical purposes. IndianMedTrip services are seamless & begin with the first telephonic conversation. Host of efficient services offered by IndianMedTrip include identifying top doctors & selection of the best hospital for treatment, assisting in obtaining medical visas for the patient & his/her companion, warm reception at airport on arrival, convenient local & other travel within the country, comfortable budget to luxury accommodation options including serviced apartments, scheduled appointments with doctors & timely treatment procedures without any waiting period, choice of an exotic recuperative vacation, follow-up evaluation checks with doctors & a warm & successful farewell at airport when the patient is heading back home.

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