Febrile convulsions are seizures or fit that are seen mostly in children who are suffering from high fever. This is mostly seen in children around 6 months to 5 years of age. These convulsions (or fits) can last up to a few seconds to several minutes and are followed by drowsiness.
This is one of the more common conditions seen in children. It is similar to epilepsy but does not cause damage to the brain.
These are the common signs and symptoms that signify the presence of febrile convulsions:
Although the signs and symptoms of febrile convulsions may appear to be painful they are in no way much discomforting to the child.
Febrile convulsions in children are caused mainly due to high fever. This fever may be the result of a viral illness or a bacterial infection as well. The developing brain of the baby is more vulnerable to the effects of fever.
Although the exact cause for this condition is unknown, this is usually found to run in families and genetics are suspected to be a cause.
The main aim is to control the symptoms of the fit. It is advisable to place the child in the recovery position, lying supine on the side on a soft surface with face turned to one side. This helps to avoid injury or damage to the limbs during the convulsions as well as to keep the airway clear from being blocked by vomit.
Keep a track of the frequency and duration of the convulsions (fit). It is highly advisable to seek immediate medical help in case the child’s fit lasts for more than 5 minutes.
The fever is the main cause for the convulsions so the priority is to treat the high fever as well. This not only helps to control the convulsions but also making the child feel more comfortable.
Febrile convulsions occur mainly due to high fever in the child which leads to seizure-type activities in the brain. Prompt and immediate treatment for this condition is advised in case the symptoms are seen to last for longer than 5 minutes with the increasing fever adding more complications to it. Children suffering from frequent febrile convulsions are at a higher risk of developing Epilepsy. Hence, quick follow-up and prompt treatment is a must.
Take a look at this Visual Guide for Epilepsy..