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All you need to know about Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is a liver disease which is caused by hepatitis C virus. Hepatitis C virus can cause both acute and chronic hepatitis infection which can range in severity from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a serious, lifelong illness. Hepatitis C causes inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis can be caused by reactions to, poisons, unsafe injection practices, alcohol, autoimmune diseases, and inadequate sterilization of medical equipment, toxic drugs or a variety of viruses or transfusion of unscreened blood. The most common viruses that specifically cause hepatitis include:-

  • Hepatitis A virus.
  • Hepatitis B virus.
  • Hepatitis C virus.

Hepatitis C Treatment

There are two stages of hepatitis C the acute phase and the chronic phase. The acute phase occurs soon after the infection. Most people have no symptoms at the acute phase. Around 50% – 80% of individuals who are infected develop a chronic infection. In chronic stage generally, there are no symptoms for many years. If the chronic stage in untreated most people with chronic hepatitis C will become symptomatic with progressive liver disease.

Signs and Symptoms of Acute Stage Hepatitis C

In the acute stage, many people who are infected have no symptoms at all and in many case-patients develop symptoms 2 to 26 weeks after infection which may last for 2 to 12 weeks.

  • Severe pain in the Upper abdominal.
  • Fatigue.
  • Muscle aches.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Mood swings.
  • Pain in joints.
  • Fever and chills.
  • Nausea.
  • Upset stomach.
  • Dark urine.
  • Jaundice.
  • Itching of the skin.
  • Light-colored bowel movements.

Signs and Symptoms of Chronic Stage Hepatitis C

In the chronic stage, patients generally have no symptoms for many years. Chronic hepatitis becomes active with liver inflammation and scarring. If Chronic hepatitis is Left untreated it can progress to liver cancer, failure of the liver, cirrhosis, and even death. The initial symptoms of chronic hepatitis C are:

  • Fatigue.
  • Easy bruising.
  • Weakness.
  • Nausea
  • Muscle and joint aching.
  • Weight loss.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Light-colored bowel movements.
  • Itching.
  • Swelling of the abdomen.
  • Jaundice.
  • Swelling of the legs and feet.
  • Dark urination.
  • Vomiting blood.
  • Confusion.
  • Easy bruising.
  • Bleeding
  • Generalized abdominal pain.

The symptoms and physical changes occur when the liver fails and the liver can no longer carry out its functions.

Who gets hepatitis C?

Hepatitis C occurs when a person is contracted through contact with another person who is infected with the hepatitis C virus. Hepatitis C virus is a blood-borne virus. Which most commonly transmits through:-

  • Inadequate sterilization of medical equipment.
  • Inadequate sterilization of syringes and needles.
  • Transfusion of unscreened blood and blood products.
  • Hepatitis C does not spread through breast milk, food, water or by casual contact such with an infected person.
  • Patients who have been on long-term kidney dialysis.
  • Injecting drug through the sharing of injection equipment’s.
  • Received blood from a donor who had Hepatitis C.
  • Hepatitis C can also be transmitted sexually and can be passed from an infected mother to her baby.

Treatment for hepatitis C

Hepatitis C does not always require treatment. In many cases, the immune response clears the infection, and some people with chronic infection do not develop liver damage. Hepatitis C is treated with a goal to cure it. The cure rate depends on several factors including the strain of the virus and the type of treatment given. The doctors prescribe patients with pills such as Harvoni which can cure the disease in almost 8-12 weeks. Various other combinations of medicines are given to patients to cure Hepatitis C. All of these medicines are quite expensive. Lifestyle measures should be taken by patients so they help in limiting any damage to the liver of the patient and prevent the infection from spreading to others organs. Following are some of the measures that should be taken:-

  • Exercising regularly.
  • Eating a healthy and balanced diet.
  • Cutting out alcohol.
  • Quitting smoking.
  • Not sharing of any needles or syringes with others.

Treatment for Hepatitis C in India

Treatment for Hepatitis C is available in India at much lesser costs as compared to any other countries. India has a pool of experienced and skilled surgeons which adds to the success rate of treating Hepatitis C. IndianMedTrip medical Tourism Company has a large network of associated healthcare facilities and medical professionals that offer world-class services to patients. Wide range of services can be accessed by the patients with IndianMedTrip such as food, accommodation, logistics and luxurious visits to exotic locations. Consultants at IndianMedTrip offers specialized packages to patients according to their personal requirements.

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