Hip Replacement Surgery is your ideal option when it hurts to get in & out of a chair and/or while you lean over to put on shoes. Hips also quite often hurt when you just sit or lie down. With more than 300,000 people undergoing complete hip replacement surgery every year in US alone, it has more or less become a common procedure. Especially when almost 90% of the patients feel better & can get back to normal activities within weeks or months after surgery, total hip replacement is now almost like pulling a bad tooth & which with good preparation can speed up recovery so as to ensure successful results.
Hip replacement surgery can be total or partial. Total hip replacement involves replacing both ends of a damaged joint so as to create new joint surfaces. Hip replacement surgery normally uses ceramic, metal or plastic parts to replace ball of upper end of thigh bone called femur while resurfacing hip socket in pelvic bone so as to replace damaged cartilage in a step-by-step process. These replacement joints are attached to existing bone with or without cement..In un-cemented joints, the new bone grows overtime & fills-up openings in the designed porous coating of joints so as to firmly attach. These surgeries are normally performed under general anesthesia, but regional anesthesia is also employed depending upon overall health of patient & discretion of the performing surgeon.
Do You need Hip Replacement Surgery? Generally, doctors recommend hip replacement surgery in cases where hip pain and/or loss of function become severe & when medicines or other treatments fail to relieve pain. They will use X-rays to take a look at bones & cartilage in hip to determine the extent of damage & to make doubly sure that pain is not originating from some other area.
[/vc_column_text][vc_accordion][vc_accordion_tab title=”1. Swelling, Pain & Stiffness” tab_id=”Swelling, Pain & Stiffness”][vc_column_text]When hips hurt while walking, climbing stairs or while performing other daily activities, or even when hips ache while resting.[/vc_column_text][/vc_accordion_tab][vc_accordion_tab title=”2. Other Treatments Failed to Help” tab_id=”Other Treatments Failed to Help”][vc_column_text]Surgery is the last option, only when all non-surgical treatment solutions have failed.[/vc_column_text][/vc_accordion_tab][vc_accordion_tab title=”3. Bone Damage or Deformity” tab_id=”Bone Damage or Deformity”][vc_column_text]When the leg is bowed or doctors have found bone damage in hip joint. Worse the deformity, harder is it to fix the problem.[/vc_column_text][/vc_accordion_tab][vc_accordion_tab title=”4. Quality of Life” tab_id=”Quality of Life”][vc_column_text]When constant pain is affecting daily activities and mood & you find it difficult to go through life.
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Although there are only two main types of hip replacement surgical operations, a number of different surgical techniques & components may be utilized to achieve goals.
Some common ways to prepare for hip replacement surgery include –[/vc_column_text][vc_accordion][vc_accordion_tab title=”1. Understanding the Procedure” tab_id=”Understanding the Procedure”][vc_column_text]Learn everything about hip replacement surgery, including types of replacement joints & details of recovery. Browse through websites for crucial information.[/vc_column_text][/vc_accordion_tab][vc_accordion_tab title=”2. Jot Down Questions to Ask the Surgeon” tab_id=”Jot Down Questions to Ask the Surgeon”][vc_column_text]There must be so many thoughts crossing your mind & therefore it may be hard to remember all of them. Carry a pad with you & jot them down beforehand & ask the surgeon when you see them.[/vc_column_text][/vc_accordion_tab][vc_accordion_tab title=”3. Consider Impact on Work” tab_id=”Consider Impact on Work”][vc_column_text]Evaluate how surgery & recovery will affect home life & job. Recovery from hip replacement surgery may require few weeks or months, so it would be appropriate to check out demands of the job.[/vc_column_text][/vc_accordion_tab][vc_accordion_tab title=”4. Get in Shape” tab_id=”Get in Shape”][vc_column_text]Undergoing surgery in good shape will dramatically speed-up recovery. Lose a few pounds if you are overweight. Gaining strength is also important as a strong upper body will make it easier to move around on crutches or walker post surgery.[/vc_column_text][/vc_accordion_tab][vc_accordion_tab title=”5. Consult Physical Therapist” tab_id=”Consult Physical Therapist”][vc_column_text]S/he is your key to a successful hip replacement & good recovery. It would be ideal to meet him & learn some exercises prior to surgery as it would be easier for you to do later.[/vc_column_text][/vc_accordion_tab][vc_accordion_tab title=”6. Test-Drive Walker or Crutches” tab_id=”Test-Drive Walker or Crutches”][vc_column_text]Try to get comfortable using them now; you can also borrow crutches or walker from doctor’s office for practice.[/vc_column_text][/vc_accordion_tab][vc_accordion_tab title=”7. Get Help from Family & Friends” tab_id=”Get Help from Family & Friends”][vc_column_text]You will need them during recovery. Plan with family & friends who could stay with you for some time after surgery. In case you are unable to generate a support system, doctors could suggest you stay in a rehab facility after surgery during recovery.[/vc_column_text][/vc_accordion_tab][vc_accordion_tab title=”8. Rearrange Home Setting” tab_id=”Rearrange Home Setting”][vc_column_text]You will need to make certain changes if you plan to recuperate at home. Consider moving bedroom or setting up ‘base camp’ where you intend to spend most time during recovery. Make sure that your phone, computer, remotes & other things you would need are in easy reach. Also check out that movement areas are comfortable with walker or crutches. Eliminate tripping hazards like open wiring or loose rugs.[/vc_column_text][/vc_accordion_tab][vc_accordion_tab title=”9. Buy Devices for Assistance” tab_id=”Buy Devices for Assistance”][vc_column_text]Gadgets like long-handed shoe horns or reachers will come useful after surgery. Railings on stairs or in bathrooms will make life easy & safe after surgery.[/vc_column_text][/vc_accordion_tab][/vc_accordion][vc_column_text]
Hip replacement surgery can either be performed traditionally or by using the minimally invasive technique. It is the size of incision & instruments used which will differ between the two. General anesthesia will be administered during standard hip replacement surgery so as to put you in deep sleep. This will prevent you from feeling pain during the procedure. Spinal anesthetic may also be given at times as alternative to help with pain. An incision is then made along the side of hip to move muscles connected to top of thigh bone in order to expose hip joint. The ball portion of hip joint is then removed by cutting thighbone with saw. An artificial joint is subsequently attached to thighbone using cement or special material which allows remaining bone to attach to new joint. Surface of hipbone is then prepared by removing damaged cartilage. The replacement socket is now attached to hipbone. New ball part of thighbone is inserted into socket part of hip. Drain may also be put to help drain fluids from operation site. Surgeons will then reattach muscles & then close incision. Standard techniques usually require a 8 – 10 inch incisions, while the minimally invasive techniques require two 2 – 5 inch incisions. Operating procedure is similar in both approaches. Smaller cuts in minimally invasive techniques mean less loss of blood, less pain after surgery, speedy healing, short hospital stay & reduced size of scars. Some patients are required to donate blood before surgery in anticipation that they may require blood transfusion during hip replacement surgery operation.
Patients may have to stay for 4 – 6 days post surgery in the hospital. Comfortably in bed with a wedge-shaped cushion between legs which will keep the new hip joint in place. Drainage tube will be placed in bladder to help urinate. Physical therapy will begin the next day & you will be able to walk with a cane, crutches or walker within days. Physical therapy will continue for weeks or months following surgery. Pivoting or twisting on the operated leg should also be avoided for 6 – 12 months after surgery. Involved leg should not be crossed during this time past midline of body. Turning in of the involved leg or bending hip past 90 degrees should also be avoided including bending forward at waist & squatting. Physical therapists will provide techniques & adaptive equipment which will help follow these guidelines & precautions during conducting daily activities. Not following these recommendations can dislocate newly replaced hip joint & require another surgery. Certain sports & heavy activity should be avoided even after healing as replacement joint is only designed for normal day-to-day activities.
Follow these simple measures to make life easy post hip replacement surgery.
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Benefits of total hip replacement surgery include –
Hip replacement is an ideal procedure for arthritic hip. It is the most effective treatment which will give many years of freedom from pain. India is a global favorite destination providing most affordable orthopedic surgical treatments including hip replacement surgery. Quality of treatments in India are excellent & at par with the best in the world. Although hip replacement surgery in India is low cost, there is no compromise on quality of surgery or service. India wins hands down on both counts.
IndiaMedTrip is your dedicated partner right from planning the right treatment & the best hospital. They will help deliver a cozy journey for your medical treatment & assist you at every step including applying for medical visa, receiving at airport, transportation, arranging accommodation, scheduling appointments, check-in at hospitals, care post surgery, recovery & a successful departure. Associated with top orthopedic surgeons & JCI accredited hospitals, IndianMedTrip is in a position to give you best value for the money you spend on effective healthcare solutions.