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Knee Replacement Surgery In India

Artificial Knee Replacement Surgery

Knee Replacement Surgery

Knee replacement surgery replaces severe worn out knee joint with an artificial joint. There are many reasons such as osteoporosis,  osteoarthritis, tissue wear & tear, trauma, age, lack of nutrition, rigorous sport activity that can hurt or form a reason of damaging the knee joint. In these cases, pain is extensive and therefore doctors recommend surgery.

Knee Replacement Surgery is also known by the names: Total knee replacement surgery or Artificial knee replacement or Knee arthoplasty. This surgical procedure should be performed by an expert surgeon only. Depending on the severity, the surgeon may perform:

  • Partial knee replacement
  • Unilateral knee replacement
  • Bilateral knee replacement
  • Arthroscopic meniscus repair surgery
  • Acl surgery & pcl reconstruction surgery

 

Need for knee replacement

 

One should undergo knee replacement surgery in the following cases:

  • If the patient has severe pain limiting his/her routine activities.
  • If the patient is suffering from chronic inflammation or swelling due to osteoarthritis, Osgood-Schlatter Disease, Bursitis, Iliotibial band syndrome, Patellar tendonitis, dislocated kneecap, psoriatic arthritis, Patellofemoral pain syndrome and rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Any knee deformity like bowing in or out of the leg.
  • The patient is unable to bend the knee joint or straighten it.
  • No relief despite having medications, exercises and physiotherapy
  • Any previous injury to the anterior cruciate ligament of the knee

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Types of Knee Replacement Surgery

 

  1. Total Knee Replacement: In this procedure the whole damaged knee joint is replaced with an artificial joint, which is attached to the thigh bone shin and knee cap.
  1. Partial Knee Replacement: It is done only if one part or inner side of the knee is affected by arthritis. The inner medial part, or the outside lateral part, or the kneecap or some part of the knee is replaced in this surgery.
  1. Kneecap Replacement or Patellofemoral Arthroplasty: Patient suffering from pain due to severe cartilage damage and arthritis isolated to the front part of the knee can undergo this operation. The under-surface of the kneecap and the trochlea is replaced.
  1. Complex or Revision Knee Replacement: A revision surgery needs proper planning like preoperative plan, quality implants and a mastery of surgical techniques. The complex surgery allows the component to be fixed more securely into the bone cavity. It is done when a major bone is damaged due to arthritis or fracture or for major deformity or to treat weakness of the knee ligaments

 

Before surgery preparations:

 

It is a surgery that involves replacing the knee joint. The patient needs to understand the procedures involved and the pre or post operative plans to follow. The pre-surgery activities include:

  • Listing down questions which are to be asked to the doctor
  • Exercising to boost stamina & physical shape
  • Improving lifestyle by cutting down smoking & alcohol
  • Practicing some physical therapy exercises
  • Reading information on medicines
  • Calling closest relative or friend for aid, after the surgery
  • Few adjustments in home & making yourself reachable to things.

 

Knee Replacement Procedure

 

Knee replacement surgery is performed under general anesthesia. The surgeon makes minimum 8 inches or max 12 inch cuts in the front part of the knee. Then the damaged portion of the knee is removed with a specialized surgical instrument. The thigh bone, knee cap and the shin of the knee joint are resurfaced and fixed with cement to hold the artificial joint in place. This new joint will now rely on the muscles & ligaments of the knee joint for essential support and normal function.

The advance surgical technique i.e. minimally invasive procedure in which specialized techniques and instruments are used by the surgeon to execute the surgery successfully without any large incisions or complexity.

 

Recovery after Knee Replacement Surgery

 

The patient has to stay in the hospital for 5 to 6 days. After surgery, the doctor asks the patient to stand and move with the help of parallel bars. With this newly fitted joint is introduced to the body. Proper medicines and physiotherapy improve the overall movement of the knee joint. After 2 months, the patient is able to walk without any assistance or help. Rigorous jumping and running should be avoided.

Also Check Recovery and Rehabilitation After Major Knee Replacement Surgery

 

Benefits of Knee Replacement Surgery

 

The benefits of knee replacement surgery are:

Benefits-of-Knee-Replacement

 

  • Relief from prolonged joint pain
  • Damaged surfaces of the joint are removed and replaced
  • Diseased cartilage and bone, which cause pain are removed
  • It improves knee joint function
  • Patient can walk freely and easily

 

How much Knee replacement Surgery Cost In India?

 

Knee Replacement Surgery Cost Comparision

 

The cost of knee replacement surgery compared to the western countries is quite affordable. Many trusted hospitals in India provide Knee replacement surgery package for a modest price.

 

What IMT offers you for Knee replacement In India?

 

Patients can happily connect with IndianMedTrip to seek expert medical opinions about treatments from the best orthopedic surgeons in India. IndianMedTrip consultants fix ‘post & preoperative’ consultations with the doctors, schedule appointments with the surgeon and also schedule timely travel. They even help in planning the tour to some exotic places in India after the surgery or treatment. IndianMedTrip is linked with many trusted hospitals/clinics in India like Bone Joints Care who provide affordable Knee replacement surgery in India. These hospitals are internationally accredited and render world-class medical facilities and special personalized care. Associated doctors & surgeons are highly qualified and skilled in Knee replacement surgery.

 

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