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Low Cost Spinal Fusion Surgery in India

Spinal Fusion

Spinal Fusion Surgery is a procedure designed to permanently connect two or more vertebrae in spine in order to eliminate motion between them. This surgical intervention involves techniques which are designed to mimic normal healing process of broken bones. Surgeons typically place bone or bone-like material within space between two spinal vertebrae during spinal fusion surgery. Metal plates, rods & screws may be used so as to hold vertebrae together & allow them to heal into one solid unit. While immobilizing parts of the spine & changing the way it moves & works, spinal fusion surgery places additional stress & strain on vertebrae above & below the fused junction. This may also increase the rate at which these areas of spine degenerate.

Why Undergo Spinal Fusion?


Spinal fusion surgery is a permanent procedure connecting two or more vertebrae in spine so as to reduce pain, improve stability and/or correct any deformity. Doctors most often recommend spinal fusion surgery as treatment option for the following problems of spine.

  • Broken VertebraeAll broken vertebrae do not require spinal fusion surgery as many also heal without any treatment. However, spinal fusion surgery may be an ideal treatment option when the broken vertebra makes the spinal column unstable.
  • Deformities of SpineSpinal fusion surgery can effectively help correct spinal deformities like scoliosis, which is sideways curvature of spine or kyphosis, that is rounding of the upper portion of spine.
  • Spinal Instability or WeaknessSpine usually becomes unstable when there is excessive or abnormal motion between two vertebrae. Often a common side effect of severe arthritis in spine, spinal fusion surgery can be ideally used in order to restore spinal stability in such cases.
  • SpondylolisthesisThis is a spinal disorder where one vertebra from top slips forward onto the vertebra below. Spinal fusion surgery may often be required to treat spondylolisthesis when this condition causes severe back pain or nerve crowding which produces numbness or leg pain.
  • Herniated DiscSpinal fusion surgery can be effectively used so as to stabilize spine after removal of damaged herniated disc.

Risks & Complications of Spinal Fusion Surgery

Spinal fusion surgery is basically a safe procedure, but like with all surgeries, it carries potential risks & complications including the following.

  • Bleeding
  • Poor Wound healing
  • Infection
  • Blood Clots
  • Pain at site from where bone graft is taken
  • Injury to nerves or blood vessels in & around spine

Beyond these immediate risks of surgical intervention, spinal fusion surgery also changes working of the spine by shifting stress from fused vertebrae to adjacent areas of operation site. This addition of stress may also accelerate process of wear & tear in vertebral joints on either side of fusion & thereby cause further damage alongside chronic pain.

Preparing for Spinal Fusion Surgery

Preparations for spinal fusion surgery may involve trimming of hair over surgical site & cleaning the area with antiseptic or special soap. Surgeons will also provide specific instructions for patients to follow. Patients on their part should also let doctors know about any medications they are presently taking. Surgeons may also recommend them not to take certain medications before surgery.

Spinal Fusion Surgical Procedure

Surgeons typically perform spinal fusion surgery when patients are unconscious under general anesthesia during the procedure. A variety of techniques have been developed for performing spinal fusion surgery. The technique which the surgeon finds most suitable depends upon the location of vertebrae which is to be fused & compelling reason behind spinal fusion. Spinal fusion surgery procedure generally involves the following steps during operation.

  • IncisionSurgeons will make an incision so as to gain access to vertebrae for spinal fusion in one of these three locations.
    • In the neck or back directly over spine.
    • On either side of the spine.
    • In the abdomen or throat so as to access spine from the front.
  • Bone Graft PreparationBone grafts which are utilized to fuse two vertebrae may either come from a bone bank or from the patient’s own body, which is usually from the pelvis. In case the patient’s own bone is being used, the surgeon will make an incision above the pelvic bone so as to remove a small portion of bone & subsequently close incision.
  • FusionSurgeons place the bone graft material between two vertebrae so as to fuse them together. Metal plates, rods & screws may also be used so as to help hold the vertebrae together during the bone graft healing process. Surgeons in selected cases also use a synthetic substance instead of using bone grafts. These synthetic substances also help promote bone growth & speedup fusion of vertebrae.

Spinal Fusion Surgery Aftercare


Two to three days of hospital stay is usually required following spinal fusion surgery. Depending upon the extent & location of surgery, spinal fusion surgery patients may experience some amount of discomfort & pain which is usually conveniently well controlled with help of medications. Spinal fusion surgery patients must immediately contact the surgeon when they exhibit signs of infection like the following after getting back home.

  • Shaking Chills
  • Wound Drainage
  • Swelling, tenderness & redness
  • Fever Higher than 38 C (100 F)

It may however take several months for affected bones in spine to heal & fuse together following spinal fusion surgery. Surgeons may often recommend that patients wear braces for some time so as to keep correct alignment of spine. Physical therapy can also teach them how to sit, stand, move & walk in a manner which will keep their spine properly aligned.

Spinal Fusion Surgery Outcome

Spinal fusion surgery is typically an ideal treatment for spinal fractures, spinal deformities & instability in spine. However, results of studies are mixed when the cause of neck and/or back pain are unclear. In several cases, spinal fusion is no more effective than nonsurgical treatment procedures applied for nonspecific back pains. It can often be difficult to be certain about the exact cause of back pain, even when bone spurs or a herniated disc shows up on X-rays. Several people having X-ray evidence of back problems which have never caused them any back pain. Therefore, pain essentially might not be definitely associated with whatever problem that has been revealed through imaging scans. Even though spinal fusion surgery provides relief from symptoms, it can at times eventually result in more back pain in future. Since immobilizing a section of spine will invariably place additional strain & stress on areas around the fused portion, spinal fusion surgery may in cases end up increasing rate at which these areas of spine degenerate. In such circumstances, spinal fusion surgery patients may require additional spine surgery in future.

Spinal Fusion Surgery with IndianMedTrip

Neurosurgeons & orthopedic surgeons associated with IndianMedTrip draw upon their vast experience with spinal fusion techniques in order to help provide exact treatment & care which is required for each patient’s specific condition.

  • ExperienceSurgeons associated with IndianMedTrip have decades of experience in performing spinal fusion surgeries. They are adept at repairing a wide spectrum of extremely complicated problems of the spine.
  • TeamworkPeople requiring spinal fusion surgery quite often also require other types of back surgery procedures at the same time. Integrated services offered by IndianMedTrip give patients access to a variety of healthcare experts who are required to solve medical problems of patients.
  • TechnologyState-of-the-art imaging technology offered by IndianMedTrip associated healthcare facilities help precisely diagnose neck or back problems of patients. Proper diagnosis most often is the key to successful treatment. Advanced brain-monitoring & imaging techniques applications during spinal fusion surgeries invariably help improve safety of operations & surgical outcomes.
  • ResearchResearch scientists & doctors associated with IndianMedTrip are continually improving techniques employed for spinal fusion surgeries. Research by IndianMedTrip specialists cover a wide range of areas including biomechanical enhancements for hooks & screws used for spinal fusion, improvement in minimally invasive spine surgical techniques & application of better techniques for complicated spinal reconstruction procedures.

Affordable Spinal Fusion Surgery in India

With cost of medical procedures getting costly by the day around the world, India has emerged as a leading medical tourism destination providing affordable healthcare solutions to international patients across many nations. Indian healthcare industry infrastructure is highly qualified & managed by doctors & surgeons who have been well exposed to developing technologies across the globe. In fact, many of these expert surgeons have initially trained in developed countries like the UK, Canada & United States for decades before returning to their homeland. IndianMedTrip is a globally reputed one-stop healthcare tourism platform offering a wide range of low cost medical solutions including spinal fusion & other orthopedic & neurology procedures to patients of all nationalities. IndianMedTrip services start with the first telephonic conversation & go on to assisting in obtaining medical visas, warm reception at airport on arrival, convenient travel & comfortable accommodation, scheduled appointments with doctors & surgeons, recuperative vacation options, follow-up appointments & finally a successful farewell.

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