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Lung Transplantation in India

A lung transplant is a procedure done to remove an individual’s diseased lung and replace it with a healthy lung from a donor who is deceased. Lung transplant is opted for in cases when the patient is likely to die from the lung disease within 1 to 2 years. The patients are in such a situation where other methods of treatment like medicines and breathing devices fail to work.

Lung Transplant - IndianMedTrip

Am I A Candidate For Lung Transplant?

People whose lung disease cannot be treated with medicines or other non surgical methods are usually the candidates for lung transplant. However, along with this factor there should be no systemic diseases or active infections. At the same time the person should be ready to follow a lifetime follow up care program. The lung diseases that require lung transplant are;

  • Alpha 1 antitrypsin deficiency
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease like chronic bronchitis, emphysema and others
  • Bronchiectasis
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Congenital heart diseases with pulmonary hypertension
  • Eisenmenger syndrome
  • Lymphangioleiomyomatosis
  • Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
  • Occupational lung disease
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Pulmonary hypertension

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Donors for Lung Transplant

A lung donor is usually already deceased and in some countries the donor needs to be brain dead. The organ recipient and donor should have compatible blood types and similar sizes of body. As soon as they donor dies the lung is removed completely, cooled and stored in a special solution.

Diagnosis/Tests for Lung Transplantation

To check out the possibilities and confirm the procedure of lung transplant many evaluations and tests are done to ensure that the transplant would turn out to be successful. Here are some of the tests essential to confirm the decision of lung transplant:

Lung Transplant Tests

  • Chest x-ray
  • CT scan
  • Echocardiogram and electrocardiogram
  • Test of pulmonary function
  • Cardiopulmonary exercise study
  • Cardiac stress test
  • Bone densitometry
  • Tissue typing
  • Blood tests including HIV, Hepatitis, Herpes, TSH, Metabolic Panel and various others
  • Urine testing
  • Ventilation perfusion scan
  • Cardiac catheterization
  • Dental evaluation

How is Lung Transplantation Procedure done?

An anesthesiologist will provide general anesthesia and after that:

  • A central venous catheter is put into a vein in the groin or the throat. With the help of this catheter it is possible to deliver fluids like antibiotics, nutritious solutions or blood products into the blood without having to frequently insert a needle in the vein
  • In order to help the patient breathe a tube is placed in the mouth that goes down the throat and into the windpipe. A ventilator is attached to this tube which will expand the lungs mechanically.
  • The patient is placed on a heart/lung machine which will allow the surgeons to bypass the flow of the blood to the lungs and heart. The machine removes the carbon dioxide from the body and replaces it with oxygen by pumping the blood through the body.
  • A nasogastric tube is put through the nose into the stomach which drains the secretions from the stomach.
  • A catheter is also placed in the bladder to drain the urine
  • The lung is removed carefully and replaced with the donor lung

Also Read: Lung Cancer Treatment

Cost of Lung Transplantation Surgery in India

Lung transplantation is a major procedure which requires a lot of skills and expertise on part of the surgeon. There are many surgeons in India who have gained expertise in advanced countries and are now practicing their skills in India. There are many hospitals in India especially in the South of the country which provide facilities of lung transplant surgery in India. The cost of lung transplant surgery in India is much lower than the cost of these procedures in more advanced countries.

Connect with IndianMedTrip for Affordable Lung Transplantation in India

IndianMedTrip is a medical tourism company which provides facilitation for people who want to get lung transplantation surgery done in India. Most people from advanced countries wish to come to India for lung transplantation surgery because of the reasonable cost of this surgery here. However, most people find it challenging to find the right kind of hospital facilities here. We help them to find the right kind of hospital and surgeons for the lung transplant surgery according to their requirements.


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