Also known as Strabismus Surgery, Extraocular Muscle Surgery, Eye Alignment Surgery or Eye Muscle Surgery, Squint Eye Correction Surgery is performed on the extra-ocular muscles so as to correct misalignment of eyes. Approximately, about 1.2 million strabismus surgery procedures are performed each year for correcting squint eyes. This eye alignment surgery is also the third most common eye procedure performed in the United States.
Surgery may often be needed to correct squint eye in people especially when other treatments have proved unsuccessful. Squint eye surgery may be effectively used to improve alignment of eyes including appearance & which will eventually help them work together.
Surgical intervention in this procedure involves moving muscles attached to outside of eyes into a new position. This may often be necessary to operate on both eyes so as to balance even if squint is present only in one eye. This surgery which takes less than an hour’s time to complete is usually carried out under the influence of general anesthesia. It is typically an outpatient procedure where patients can go back home the same day. While a nurse will be with the patient throughout the surgical procedure, parents are also allowed to accompany child patient to operation theaterso as to stay with them until anesthesia is administered. The eye is kept open during the operation with the help of an instrument called lid speculum. Ophthalmologist or eye surgeon will subsequently detach one part of the muscle connecting to the eye so as to move it backward or weaken the pulling effect or shorten it in size in order to increase the pulling effect of this eye muscle. Once this correction has been made, muscles are then sewn back in place with the help of dissolvable stitches.
Like with any other surgical intervention, risks associated with strabismus surgery are also present. It would therefore be sensible for patients to discuss possible risks of squint eye correction surgery with ophthalmologists prior to going in for an operation.
Risks involved with strabismus surgery are listed below.
Studies have estimated that one in five people undergoing operation for successfully treating squint eye in adults will require more than one attempt to be fruitful. Problem of double vision is however found to occur in less than one in 100 patients. Moreover, double vision is usually found to either improve with time or can be successfully treated with further surgery. It is commonly found to require another operation so as to completely correct squint in children. It is particularly so when the first operation was performed in children at a very young age. Few studies have revealed, that 6 out of 10 child-patients who have undergone strabismus surgery at about one year of age, will subsequently need to undergo another operation for squint eye at some other point of time. Although other complications among children are generally rare, it would be sensible of parents to ask ophthalmologists for more information on this subject.
Strabismus surgery patients can take several weeks so as to fully recover. Eyes are most likely to be sore for some days following squint eye correction surgery. Resulting pain is generally treated using simple painkillers like paracetemol. However, children under the age of 16 should never be given aspirin. Consult the eye surgeon in case pain does not improve following squint eye correction surgery. Pad may usually be put over the affected eye following strabismus surgery, which will normally be removed before discharge from the hospital. It is also not required that squint eye correction surgery patients should wear a bandage or patch at home. They can also return to daily normal activities including reading as soon as they feel able to. General aim following this eye surgery is to get eyes working normally as early as possible.
Members of the surgical team would provide specific advice for squint eye correction surgery patients to follow after returning home post an eye operation. General tips regarding aftercare at home following strabismus surgery include the following.
Returning to work or school should be comfortably easy within a week following squint eye correction surgery. However, avoid indulging in any sporting activity for around 2 weeks after strabismus surgery. Also avoid contact sports like rugby for up to a month after eye operation. Swimming should also be avoided for at least a month’s time. Squint eye patients should however ask the concerned surgeon as to when they can get back to driving. Moreover, they should not be driving at all long as they are having double vision.
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