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Supraventricular Tachycardia (SVT)

Heart diseases are killing people worldwide at an alarming rate. Health studies reveal that mortality rate of patients due to cardiovascular problems has nearly doubled up from past few decades. 17 million patients died from severe heart conditions last year. It is estimated that around 5 million of new patients will be diagnosed with some type of heart disease this year.

Supraventricular Tachycardia (SVT)

What is Supraventricular Tachycardia (SVT)?

Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is an abnormal condition of heart which increases normal heartbeat rate rapidly. Normally, heartbeat rate should be between 80 to 100 beats per minute. Patients suffering from SVT may experience up to 250 heartbeats per minute. An episode of SVT may last only for a short interval of time and automatically go away. However, sometimes the frequency of occurrence is more and lasts longer. In such instances, patients need a medical care.

What causes SVT?

SVT can be caused due to improper functioning of heart’s electrical system. Electrical system of heart is responsible for maintaining normal heart rhythm. SVT causes heart to beat at a much rapid pace than normal. Sometimes, Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome may also lead to this condition. Major risk factors associated with SVT are described below.

  • Excessive drinking of alcohol
  • Smoking
  • Excess caffeine intake
  • High stress
  • Intake of drugs like methamphetamines and cocaine

Signs and Symptoms of Supraventricular Tachycardia

Most common signs and symptoms associated with SVT are explained as follows.

  • Heart palpitations
  • A fluttering in chest
  • Dizziness
  • Breathlessness
  • Lightheadedness
  • Sweating
  • Pounding sensation in the neck
  • Fainting

Patients experiencing these symptoms should seek a prompt treatment in order to avoid future complications.

ALSO READ: Paroxysmal supraventricular Tachycardia (PSTV)

How is SVT diagnosed?

Cardiac surgeons may recommend the following tests in order to diagnose the condition of SVT.

  • Physical Examination – Cardiac surgeons usually evaluate patient’s overall health and medical history during initial appointment.
  • Chest X-Ray Test – Surgeons may advise a chest x-ray to precisely check the internal portions through pictures.
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG) Test – This test indicates the electrical activity of patient’s heart. It may be helpful for detecting irregular heartbeats.
  • Echocardiogram – This test uses sound waves to generate 3D images of patient’s heart.
  • Implantable Loop Recorder – This device may be implanted under chest region to measure heartbeat rate.
  • Blood Tests – Cardiac surgeons may order several blood tests for exact diagnosis.

How is it treated?

SVT can be efficiently treated with the help of following procedures.

  • Medications – Surgeons may prescribe essential medicines to control the fastening of heartbeat. Medications may aid to restore normal functions of heart.
  • Vagal Maneuvers – Cardiologists may teach patients certain important maneuvers to control SVT. Patients are advised to hold their breath and straining, splashing their face with chilled water, or coughing in a bending position. These activities are known to control irregular heart rate.
  • Cardioversion – This is a medical intervention used to treat abnormal heartbeat rate. Doctors may give shock treatment to patients for lowering down their heart pace to normal.
  • Catheter Ablation – This procedure involves removing the small trouble causing regions of heart. It minimizes the prevalence of abnormal heartbeat.

Cost-Effective Treatment for Supraventricular Tachycardia with IndianMedTrip

IndianMedTrip is a globally renowned medical care facilitator based in India. It is associated with a large network of top-notch hospitals and cardiac surgeons in India. These hospitals follow international protocols to ensure patient’s safety. Therefore, International patients willing to undergo a quality as well as cost-effective treatment for heart disorders like supraventricular tachycardia can choose IndianMedTrip. Healthcare consultants at IndianMedTrip help global patients to get best SVT treatment packages in a hassle-free manner.

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