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Symptoms, Types, Diagnosis and Effective Treatments for Chiari Malformation

A health condition in which lower portion of an individual’s brain extends towards their spinal canal is clinically known as ‘Chiari malformation’. Such neurological condition may come into existence when a person’s skull is smaller than the normal dimensions. This developmental disorder may put immense pressure on brainstem and disturb vital functions of brain eventually resulting in poor health. Patients who seek early medical assistance have a greater likelihood of recovering completely. Therefore, patients must visit well-experienced neurologists in order to sustain a good quality of life.

Chiari Malformation Treatment Cost in IndiaTypes of Chiari Malformation

According to severity, Chiari malformation is categorized into three types namely – Chiari malformation type I, Chiari malformation type II, and Chiari malformation type III.

  • Chiari Malformation Type IChiari malformation type I is the most observed type of malformation that occurs during developmental stages of children. Unlike others, it spares the brainstem of patients but it adversely affects bottom-most area of cerebellum. Signs or symptoms of Chiari malformation type I may not be prominent until patients reach their teens or adult phase of life. This condition does not cause any severe problems and therefore, prompt treatment is not necessary. In most cases, medical monitoring can fulfill the purpose.
  • Chiari Malformation Type IIChiari malformation type II is also referred to as classic Chiari malformation as it affects both the cerebellum as well as brainstem. Chiari malformation type II may appear in children suffering from myelomeningocele, which is a type of birth defect called as spina bifida. Its symptoms can be effectively managed by consuming medicines and drugs.
  • Chiari Malformation Type IIIChiari malformation type III is a rare but serious form of Chiari malformation. Chiari malformation type III results when brain tissue considerably extends into patient’s spinal canal. This condition may arise during fetus development. Chiari malformation type III may lead to fatal neurological problems if left untreated. Sometimes, patient’s brain may protrude and cause permanent disability. Surgical procedure can clearly provide best results in such instances.


Causes and Risk Factors for Chiari Malformation

There is no scientific evidence that can determine the root cause of formation of Chiari malformation disorder. However, the given risk factors may fuel up the likelihood of development of this neurological condition in an individual.

  • Genetic Problems – Mutation of genes or faulty genes may lead to development of Chiari malformation in infants. Therefore, parents with a family history of this neurological disorder must seek medical consultation.
  • Deficiency – Deficiency of folic acid and several vitamins in women during their pregnancy phase may increase the possibility of Chiari malformation in newborn baby.
  • Exposure to Chemicals – Exposure to harmful chemicals, especially during pregnancy can create a large number of complications including Chiari malformation in infants.
  • Drugs and Alcohol Consumption – Women who consume illegal drugs like cocaine and excessive quantity of alcohol during fetal development should stay careful as it may lead to Chiari malformation in their newborn.


Signs and Symptoms of Chiari malformation

The following list gives out general signs and symptoms associated with the above-mentioned types of Chiari malformation.

  • Headaches and Neck Pain – Headaches and pain in neck that appears often is the most common symptom of Chiari malformation. Some patients may also experience dizziness along with such warning signs.
  • Poor Vision – An underlying Chiari malformation may result in poor eyesight over a period of time. Patients experiencing double or blurred eyesight must visit doctors at the earliest for precise medical analysis.
  • Hearing Loss – Chiari malformation may aggravate a condition called as ‘tinnitus’ that causes buzzing or ringing sensation in ears. It may cause permanent hearing damage if apt measures are not taken.
  • Speech and Swallowing Issues – Some patients may encounter swallowing and speech difficulties due to presence of Chiari malformation.
  • Balancing Problems – Chiari malformation affects balancing ability of patients while they walk or perform daily routine tasks.
  • Weakness in Limbs – Patients who are experiencing numbness or weakness in their limbs must consult well-qualified neurosurgeons.
  • Sleep Apnea – This neurological disorder may raise the chances of getting sleep apnea which is a condition that causes breathing problem during sleeping time.


Diagnosing Chiari Malformation

When above-mentioned signs begin to interfere with daily routine life, patients should visit skilled and experienced neurosurgeons for availing best healthcare solutions. During initial consultation, respective neurologists may ask patients to undergo complete medical evaluation as well as the following imaging tests. These given tests will enable doctors to determine the underlying problem in a smooth manner.

  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging Scan (MRI Scan Test) – An MRI procedure is painless in nature. This procedure involves use of radiofrequency waves and magnetic fields in order to generate high-resolution images of patient’s entire brain as well as spinal region. During MRI, patients are requested to lie down comfortably in front of a scanning machine for a certain amount of time. Images obtained after this session are thoroughly analyzed by doctors to figure out severity of Chiari malformation.
  • Computerized Tomography Scan (CT scan) – Just as MRI scan, CT scan procedure is also an imaging technique that involves the use of x-rays for creation of precise images of spinal cord and brain of patients. Patients will be requested to lie down in front of a scanning device till it captures images. After that, doctors will check whether patients are healthy or there is any abnormality in the specified regions.

Respective neurosurgeons will outline most appropriate plan depending on severity of disorder and general condition of patients.


Treatment Options for Chiari Malformation

The following points elaborate major treatment options that can significantly reduce Chiari malformation complications.

  • Medical Monitoring – Patients who do not experience any prominent signs or symptoms usually do not require any specific treatment. In such cases, respective doctors are likely to recommend medical monitoring. They will need to visit hospitals at regular time intervals for health checkups. Respective neurosurgeons may order imaging tests every six months in order to see any changes or abnormality in spine and brain area. Patients should not skip their medical monitoring sessions in order to live a better quality of life.
  • Medicines for Pain Management – In certain cases, where patients encounter symptoms like severe headaches and intense pain in neck area, medicines may provide relief. Generally, medicines such as ibuprofen are recommended as it can significantly reduce the occurrence of neck pain, headaches, and similar Chiari malformation complications. Doctors may ask patients to visit hospital frequently in order to check whether prescribed medicines and drugs are sufficient or surgical procedure is required.
  • Chiari Malformation SurgeryIn serious cases, respective neurosurgeons may advise a surgery for minimizing Chiari malformation complications. Main objective of Chiari malformation surgery is to stabilize the trouble-causing symptoms. Posterior fossa decompression or craniotomy surgery is mainly performed to relieve pressure from patient’s spinal cord and brain. It can help in restoration of normal cerebrospinal fluid in the affected areas. During this Chiari malformation surgery, respective neurosurgeons cut off a tiny portion of bone which is located in back-end of patient’s skull. It aims to immediately relieve the immense pressure created by fluid. For that purpose, respective doctors open the outer protective layer of brain known as ‘dura’. They use a large patch to cover the opening as it will create a considerable amount of space for fluid. They may either use an artificial patch or take a portion from patient’s scalp itself. This technique may vary if patients have additional conditions like hydrocephalus. Doctors may use a tube-like device medically known as shunt to extract the excess amount of fluid.


Risks and Complications Associated with Chiari Malformation Surgery

Patients may encounter the below-mentioned Chiari malformation complications after completion of Chiari malformation surgery.

  • Severe Infection – Patients may get a serious infection after completion of Chiari malformation surgery. However, risk of infection can be considerably minimized by taking prescribed dose of antibiotic medicines.
  • Leaking of Cerebrospinal Fluid – Cerebrospinal fluid may leak and affect operated brain as well as spinal areas.
  • Delayed Wound Healing – Wound healing process may get delayed and restrict patients to perform their everyday tasks independently.
  • Stroke or Paralysis – Patients who have undergone Chiari malformation surgery may get paralysis or stroke. In such cases, immediate care is necessary for saving lives of patients.

Patients should stay in touch with doctors even after their surgery in order to overcome such health barriers and ensure good outcomes.


Recovery following Chiari Malformation Surgery

Patients may experience a slight amount of pain at incision site following Chiari malformation surgery. Respective neurosurgeons are likely to recommend some painkillers to serve the purpose. Patients may be asked to eat healthy and nutritious food and avoid smoking to boost the chances of smooth recovery. Patients may not be able to drive or perform any strenuous task until they recover. They may arrange a caretaker who can help them during the healing phase. Patients who follow instructions of neurosurgeons and attend follow-up care meetings are likely to recover at a faster pace and without any complications following their Chiari malformation surgery.


Avail High-Quality Chiari Malformation Treatment in India with IndianMedTrip

IndianMedTrip is one of the leading medical service providers in India. This healthcare consulting firm is associated with top neurosurgeons and best accredited super-specialty hospitals catering high-quality Chiari malformation treatment in India at affordable costs. Medical consultants at IndianMedTrip go an extra mile when it comes to meeting health requirements of patients. They provide free online medical consultation to overseas patients and assist them in availing their medical visas within a short span of time. They stay in touch with international patients throughout their Chiari malformation treatment in India as well as during their postoperative phase even when they fly back to their respective countries. If you or someone you know are seeking finest quality Chiari malformation treatment in India at cost-effective rates, you may contact IndianMedTrip. You just need to fill up a basic inquiry form that you will find on topmost right corner of this page. You may also take advantage of free call-back facility offered by IndianMedTrip. Medical consultants at IndianMedTrip will surely respond you back within 48 hours and provide you guidance on availing Chiari malformation surgery in a hassle-free manner.


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Affordable Treatment & Surgery for Meningioma Brain Tumors

Meningiomas are tumors which arise from meninges which are the membrane surrounding the brain & spinal cord. However, most meningiomas that occur are benign (noncancerous), but rarely some meningiomas may also be malignant (cancerous). Moreover, some meningiomas are also qualified as atypical, which means that they are neither malignant nor benign, but something in between the two. Meningiomas are most commonly found to occur among older women, but can also occur among males in all age groups including childhood. Nevertheless, most meningiomas do not always need immediate treatment. Since they cause no significant signs & symptoms, meningiomas may be monitored over time.

Meningioma Brain Tumors

Signs & Symptoms of Meningiomas

Signs & symptoms of meningiomas typically start gradually & are found to be very subtle in the beginning. Signs & symptoms include the following, depending upon where inside the brain, or rarely in the spine is the tumor situated.

Time to See a Doctor

Although most signs & symptoms of meningioma evolve very slowly, there are times when meningiomas require emergency care as well. Seeking emergency care for meningioma is necessary for the following conditions.

It would, therefore, be sensible to make an appointment with the doctor in case people have persistent signs & symptoms of concern like headaches which are found to worsen over time.

Causes for Meningioma Tumors

It is still not clear as to what is it that actually cause meningiomas. However, doctors understand that there is something which alters some cells in meninges, the membrane which forms a protective barrier around brain & spinal cord. This, in turn, makes these cells multiply out of control so as to lead to the formation of a meningioma tumor. Nevertheless, it still remains unknown whether this occurs because of hormones, inheritance of genes, or substances a person is exposed to in the environment or due to a combination of these factors.

Risk Factors Influencing Formation of Meningiomas

Risk factors for meningioma include the following.

Complications Associated with Meningiomas

Treatment for meningiomas, typically including surgery & radiation therapy are found to cause long-term complications including the following.

Doctors can help treat some of these complications & refer patients to specialist doctors so as to help them cope with other complications.

Initial Appointment for Meningioma Treatment

People are most likely to begin by seeing a family doctor or a general practitioner for their symptoms of meningioma. When this doctor suspects them of having a brain tumor like meningioma, they may refer the patient to a specialist like a neurologist or a neurosurgeon who can treat such brain disorders. The following information can help patients prepare for their initial appointment for meningioma treatment.

What Meningioma Patients Can Do Prior to Initial Appointment

Basic Questions Patients Can Ask Doctors during Initial Appointment for Meningioma

Meningioma patients should also not hesitate to ask any number of other questions that come to their mind.

Tests & Diagnosis for Meningiomas

Meningiomas may be detected through the following imaging tests.

Treatments & Drugs for Meningiomas

Brain TumorsTreatments which patients receive for meningiomas depend upon many factors including the location of the tumor, the size of meningioma & how aggressive it is believed to be. While deciding on the course of treatment, doctors will also consider the patient’s overall health factor & the goal of treatment.

Type of treatment required after surgery will depend upon several factors including the ones mentioned below.

Coping & Support for Meningioma Patients

It can be an overwhelming feeling when people are diagnosed with a meningioma. Life can turn upside down with visits to doctors & surgeons in preparation for treatment as patients come to terms with being diagnosed with meningioma. It would, therefore, be helpful for meningioma patients to undertake the following steps while facing such a situation.

Affordable Treatment for Meningiomas in India

Basically, a type of slow-growing tumor which forms in thin layers of tissue protecting & covering the brain & spinal cord, there is a lot of support & care required for people with meningioma, before, during & following the recommended treatment. All these efforts are not just emotionally taxing but are also economically expensive. With costs of healthcare rising beyond reach especially in the developed western world, treatment options for brain tumors like meningioma can often be beyond the reach of the common man. India, which has fast emerged as a leading global medical tourism destination is an excellent solution to both health & financial problems. Featuring an extensive & modern healthcare infrastructure composed of a wide pool of efficient doctors & surgeons, internationally accredited hospitals & English speaking nurses & skilled professionals, medical procedures in India are not just reasonably affordable but of high quality as well. IndianMedTrip is one of the fastest growing global healthcare tourism companies in the world which is based in South Asia & providing excellent low-cost medical solutions to people from all around the world. IndianMedTrip services which begin with the first conversation on telephone move on to identifying the right doctor & ideal hospital for your treatment. Other seamless services which follow the initial conversation include assisting in obtaining medical visas, a warm reception at the airport on arrival, convenient local travel & comfortable accommodation, scheduled appointments with doctors & medical procedures without any waiting period, exotic recuperation holiday option, follow-up evaluation checks before heading back home.


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