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Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatments for Gallbladder Cancer

Gallbladder is essential for proper absorption of vitamins and nutrients in our bloodstream. It promotes digestion and helps in regulating good health condition.

Gallbladder cancer is a deadly disease that emerges due to production of harmful cells and tissues in an individual’s gallbladder and surrounding region. It may spread and damage other body parts over a period and weaken entire immune system. Early identification and an apt gallbladder cancer treatment can significantly help patients in overcoming such condition. Therefore, patients should seek an immediate medical assistance for attaining an improved quality of life.

Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatments for Gallbladder Cancer

Signs and Symptoms of Gallbladder Cancer

The following points describe major signs and symptoms of gallbladder cancer. Patients experiencing such problems should visit cancer specialists at the earliest for avoiding serious health complications.

  • Severe Pain in Stomach – Patients with an underlying gallbladder cancer may experience severe pain in stomach especially in upper abdomen region that does not go away even with medications.
  • Abdominal Bloating – Patients may encounter abdominal bloating due to development of abnormal cells in their gallbladder.
  • Nausea or Vomiting – In most instances, patients may experience nausea or vomiting sensation even after eating a small meal.
  • Jaundice – Jaundice refers to a condition that causes yellowing of patient’s skin and eyes. It is the most prominent warning sign of gallbladder cancer.
  • Fever and Chills – Frequently occurring fever and chills could be an indication of unrecognized cancer of gallbladder.
  • Abnormal Stools – Abnormal and dark colored stools and urine may indicate the presence of gallbladder cancer. In addition to this, patients who have more than four bowel motions per day should consult a doctor as it could also be a potential sign of this disease.
  • Sudden Weight Loss – A certain dramatic weight loss may occur due to growth of cancerous tissues and cells in patient’s gallbladder.

Causes and Risk Factors for Gallbladder Cancer

Precise cause of gallbladder cancer is not yet identified. Medical professionals are still conducting various types of research in order to figure out the causes of gallbladder cancer. The following list describes some major risk factors associated with gallbladder cancer.

  • Gender – Women are more prone to developing this type of cancer as compared to men.
  • Age Factor – Risk of getting cancer of gallbladder increases with age.
  • History of Gallstones – Patients who have a medical history of gallstones are at higher risk of developing gallbladder cancer in future.
  • Additional Medical Conditions – Patients who are already suffering from diseases such as gallbladder polyps and infection are at greater risk of getting this cancer as compared to others. 

Diagnosing Gallbladder Cancer

At first, patients will need to search well-qualified oncologists or cancer specialists who are adept in performing cancer treatments and providing successful results. During initial consultation, doctors may ask them regarding the symptoms that are disturbing their health. In addition to this, they may also ask them regarding their medical history. Patients should freely tell everything to respective doctors and help them in diagnosing their current medical status. Respective oncologists may advise patients to undergo any of the given tests for confirming the presence of gallbladder cancer.

  • Blood Tests – Doctors may recommend several blood tests in order to find out the exact reason behind occurrence of abnormal symptoms.
  • Ultrasound Scan Test – An ultrasound scan test is a painless test that involves the use of powerful sound waves for generating high-resolution and real time images of patient’s gallbladder and nearby areas.
  • Computerized Tomography (CT Scan) – Computerized tomography scan is a simple imaging procedure that involves use of x-rays for creating good quality pictures of patient’s gallbladder. Patients are exposed to a device that emits high-intensity x-rays and captures internal images of patient’s gallbladder.
  • Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) – During ERCP test, doctors insert a device called as an endoscope in patient’s throat via their mouths. Endoscope is thin in nature and has a camera on its one end which guides doctors to access patient’s gallbladder in a smooth manner. X-ray pictures are taken when endoscope reaches the affected gallbladder region.
  • Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography Test (MRCP) – MRCP is a special kind of MRI procedure that involves producing detailed and three-dimensional pictures of patient’s gallbladder, bile ducts and their entire pancreatic system with the help of a sophisticated computer software.
  • Biopsy Test – This medical procedure involves taking a small sample of tissues from patient’s gallbladder. This sample will be tested in a laboratory for identifying the presence of cancer. 

Stages of Gallbladder Cancer

Gallbladder cancer treatment is dependent on the stage of disease as well as overall health of patients. The following points elaborate four main stages of gallbladder cancer.

  • Stage 1 – This is the basic developmental stage of gallbladder cancer. During this stage, cancer cells begin to grow in innermost layer of gallbladder.
  • Stage 2 – This stage indicates that cancerous cells and tissues have grown and reached to the outer layer of gallbladder.
  • Stage 3 – It is an advanced stage of gallbladder cancer that denotes that the harmful cancerous cells have spread across entire gallbladder and have started to affect nearby organs of patients such as liver and stomach.
  • Stage 4 – It is the end or terminal stage of gallbladder cancer. During this stage, cancerous cells spread across patient’s body and deteriorate their health. Chances of survival of patients are extremely less during this stage. 

Treatment Options for Gallbladder Cancer

The below-mentioned points elaborate stage-wise treatment options for gallbladder cancer.

  1. Early Stage Gallbladder Cancer Treatments (Stage 1 and 2) – Respective oncologists may recommend any of the following surgical methods to patients suffering from stage 1 or 2 of gallbladder cancer.
  • Gallbladder Removal Surgery – Doctors may perform a surgery called as cholecystectomy that involves complete removal of patient’s gallbladder. This surgery is mainly performed under influence of general anesthesia so as to make the patient’s sleepy. During cholecystectomy, respective surgeons make an incision in patient’s abdomen for reaching their gallbladder. They remove it carefully and close the incisions.
  • Surgical Removal of Gallbladder and a Part of Liver – Cancer that affects entire gallbladder region and nearby areas including parts of liver and bile ducts can be effectively treated with a surgery. Doctors may remove gallbladder as well as affected cancerous areas of liver in order to improve patient’s health.
  1. Treatments for Late-Stage Gallbladder Cancer (Stage 3 and 4) – Late-stage gallbladder cancer can be treated with the help of given treatments. These treatments can noticeably reduce the painful symptoms of cancer.
  • Chemotherapy – This treatment involves use of powerful medicines and drugs that are capable of destroying gallbladder cancer cells and tissues to a great extent. Respective oncologists may provide such medicines either orally or in the form of injections.
  • Radiation Therapy – This is a painless procedure that targets and destroys harmful cancerous cells that are present in patient’s gallbladder as well as other body areas. Patients are exposed to a machine that emits high-intensity radiation for serving the purpose. 

Risks and Complications Associated with Gallbladder Cancer Surgery

The given points depict some of the major risks and complications associated with gallbladder cancer surgery.

  • Severe Infection – Patients may get a severe infection around their abdomen following their gallbladder cancer surgery.
  • Bleeding – Patients may have to face certain life-threatening issues like heavy bleeding following their gallbladder cancer procedure. A prompt medical care is required in order to control the situation.
  • Bile Leakage – In rare cases, serious problems such as bile leakage may occur.
  • Blood Vessel Injury – Patient’s healthy blood vessels and soft tissues in bladder and intestine may get damaged.
  • Deep-Vein Thrombosis (DVT) – DVT occurs due to formation of several blood clots in patient’s body. Doctors may prescribe effective blood-thinning medicines for dissolving such blood clots. 

Recovery Following Gallbladder Cancer Surgery

Patients may require staying in the healthcare centers for several days following their gallbladder cancer surgery. They may feel uneasiness and slight discomfort around their operated abdominal area. Doctors may prescribe some essential medicines for helping such patients. Complete recovery time is dependent on stage of cancer that has been treated and patient’s dedication towards following instructions of respective oncologists. Doctors may ask them to quit sedentary lifestyle and eat a balanced diet containing fresh fruits and vegetables. Apart from this, patients should not forget to visit the hospitals for attending follow-up sessions regularly. 

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IndianMedTrip is one of the most reputed healthcare tourism facilitators across the world. Medical experts at IndianMedTrip aim at delivering high-quality cancer treatments and surgeries to each and every international patient. They arrange free online medical consultation in order to understand and meet healthcare requirements of overseas patients seeking gallbladder surgery in India. IndianMedTrip is associated with a large range of accredited multi-specialty hospitals and well-experienced cancer specialists in India who have great expertise in performing even most complicated cancer surgeries. In addition to this, medical consultants at IndianMedTrip assist international patients in availing their medical visas in a hassle-free manner. Also, they continuously stay in touch with them throughout their wellness journey in India as well as during their postoperative period even when they go back to their native lands. Therefore, international patients can confidently depend upon such peerless services offered by IndianMedTrip for availing gallbladder cancer treatment in India.

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Advanced Laser & Eye Surgeries

Laser-Eye-Surgery-in-GoaLaser eye surgery can effectively correct vision for many people so that they no longer need contact lenses or glasses. Laser eye surgery is designed to reshape cornea or the clear front part of eye so that light travelling through it is properly focused on retina situated in the back portion of eye. This vision correction surgery which is also called refractive & laser eye surgery is a surgical procedure which can also correct a variety of vision problems affecting humans. Tremendous advancements have been made in this field in recent years through which many patients have benefitted & reported seeing better than they ever had at any other point of time in their life. Other vision correction surgeries involve replacing the natural lens of eyes.

Types of Vision Improvement Surgeries

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Refractive & Laser Eye Surgery in Goa

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Affordable Gastric Imbrication Surgery for Weight Loss

Gastric Imbrication Surgery is also known as Gastric Plication Surgery. This is a weight loss laparoscopic procedure which is relatively new & designed for reducing stomach volume with having to remove any tissue. During this weight loss surgery the stomach is folded within itself and subsequently stitched in order to reduce size while creating a narrow tube-shaped stomach which is quite similar to sleeve gastrectomy surgery. However, gastric imbrication surgery does not involve any cutting of stomach tissue which is to be removed. As a result, patients undergoing gastric imbrication surgery will eat less & lose weight as well.

Gastric Imbrication Surgery Procedure

Gastric Imbrication Surgery

Team of doctors & medical professionals led by a bariatric surgeon will perform the gastric imbrication surgery through the laparoscopic method. Laparoscopy will ensure that the procedure will not involve any large abdominal incision, instead the operation is performed through small incisions through which a camera & specially designed operating instruments will be inserted. These laparoscopic instruments will allow the bariatric surgeon perform the gastric imbrication surgery which is precise and causing minimal trauma to the patient’s body. Laparoscopic gastric imbrication surgery will allow the patient undergo less discomfort, reduce risk of surgical complication & chances of quicker recovery at the same time. This weight loss surgery will typically take just about 60 minutes of time when performed by experienced surgeons. However, patients will be fully unconscious & placed under general anesthesia during this operation. While gastric imbrication surgery will work like sleeve gastrectomy and retain functions, it is also reversible as no stomach tissue is removed unlike the traditional sleeve gastrectomy procedure. Moreover, gastric imbrication surgery is as flexible as lap band or stomach band weight loss procedure.

Benefits of Gastric Imbrication Surgery

Primary benefit of minimally invasive laparoscopic gastric imbrication surgery is that it can also be performed as an outpatient weight loss procedure which will result in lesser pain, lesser loss of blood along with shorter time for recovery as well. Secondly, gastric plication surgery does not remove any stomach tissue and uses plastic sutures and which makes it possible to reverse the procedure. Lastly, gastric imbrication surgery does not require implanting any medical weight loss device in abdomen, but when it is combined with adjustable gastric band surgery will result in more weight loss than when it is applied alone.

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Adjustable gastric band is one of the safest and most effective weight loss surgery procedures offered nowadays. This procedure involves laparoscopically placing an adjustable gastric band around the top portion of stomach. Adjustable gastric band procedure is also reversible and can be easily customized for patients desiring weight loss according to their individual requirements. Some adjustable gastric band patients experience slower weight loss than expected and therefore opt for some other weight loss procedure to go with it. Adding laparoscopic gastric imbrication surgery with adjustable gastric band generally enhances the patient’s weight loss experience. Adding them together require fewer adjustments than just undergoing gastric band alone. Moreover, the patient may also be able to lose more weight in less time than these procedures could have done alone.

Benefits of Lap Band with Gastric Imbrication Surgery

Both these weight loss procedures are minimally invasive in nature nor requiring any cutting or stapling of stomach or re-routing intestines, fewer adjustments are also required in combination than it were with lap band surgery alone. Along with lap band, bariatric surgeons would also reduce 60 – 70 percent of the stomach by sewing it in folds. This way in combination they are much more effective for weight loss than lap band surgery alone. Moreover, gastric imbrication surgery is potentially a good option for obese patients who are not ideal candidates for other bariatric weight loss procedures because of their medical or surgical history. Low risk of complications when compared to other weight loss procedures coupled with encouraging outcomes has made gastric imbrication surgery a favorite choice of both the patients and bariatric surgeons.

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