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What is Paroxysmal Supraventricular Tachycardia (PSVT)?

Prevalence of heart diseases has steadily increased over the years. Top healthcare reports reveal that one in every eight patient suffers from an abnormal condition of heart. Nearly 17 million patients died struggling from some type of heart disorder in 2016. This ratio is expected to rise crucially in next 5 years despite advancements in medical sector.

Paroxysmal Supraventricular Tachycardia (PSVT)

What is Paroxysmal supraventricular Tachycardia (PSVT)?

Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) is a condition in which heartbeat rate increases rapidly. The expression ‘paroxysmal’ defines sudden recurrence of irregular heartbeats. It can affect anybody at any given point of time. Even people with no medical history of heart problems can experience episodes of PSTV.

Causes of Paroxysmal Supraventricular Tachycardia

Heart comprises of total four chambers. Uppermost chambers are known as ‘atria’ whereas lower chambers are referred to as ‘ventricles’. Heart contracts and pumps blood in a synchronized way.

  • Contraction starts due to generation of an electrical signal in sinoatrial node region of the heart.
  • At first, this electrical signal travels to uppermost chambers of heart and causes atrial contraction.
  • Then, it travels downwards and causes contraction of ventricles. Heart rate may increase during this normal functioning of heart and result in PSTV.

The major cause of this heart disorder is the overdose of heart medications and drugs. It is also observed in patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome.

What Are the Risk Factors Associated with PSTV?

The following list enumerates some major risk factors that may lead to PSTV.

  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • High use of caffeine
  • Smoking
  • Taking illegal drugs like amphetamines
  • Emotional stress

Medical researchers have found that 65 % of PSTV cases develop due to the above mentioned risk factors.

Major Signs and Symptoms of PSTV

Significant signs and symptoms of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia are listed below.

  • Tightness of chest
  • Heart palpitations
  • Faster pulse rate
  • Anxiety
  • Sweating
  • Breathlessness
  • Discomforting chest pain

Usually, these symptoms resolve on their own in some time. Several other symptoms that may also be observed with PSTV are as follows.

  • Fainting
  • Dizziness 

ALSO READ: Supraventricular Tachycardia (SVT)

How is PSVT Treated?

Patients experiencing moderate symptoms does not require any specific treatment. Patients who repeatedly experience PSTV symptoms like discomforting chest pain should definitely seek a medical advice.

  • Valsalva maneuver – Cardiac surgeons may recommend this practice to patients suffering from mild symptoms of PSTV. Patients require to close their mouth and exhale as if they are doing a bowel movement. This activity is extremely helpful in restoring normal breath.
  • Coughing – Patients needs to sit in a relaxed position. Patient is supposed to cough while bending body slightly in downward direction. This technique helps to control rapid heart rate.
  • Ice Water – Patients can try splashing cold ice water on their face. This practice may also aid to lower down the pulse rate.
  • Medications and Drugs – Cardiac surgeons may recommend essential medicines and drugs like propafenone to maintain normal functioning of heart.
  • Cardiac Ablation – This is a latest medical intervention used to wipe out the regions in patient’s heart that cause irregular heartbeat.
  • Pacemaker – If everything else fails, cardiologists may surgically implant a pacemaker device to control patient’s heart beat.

Best Treatment for Paroxysmal Supraventricular Tachycardia with IndianMedTrip

IndianMedTrip is one of the globally acknowledged medical tourism providers. Massive range of hospitals associated with IndianMedTrip offers finest heart disease treatments and surgeries. Healthcare professionals at IndianMedTrip aim to provide best available treatment for disorders like PSTV at reasonable rates. International patients willing to undergo best and cost-effective treatment for paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia can heavily rely on trustworthy services of IndianMedTrip.

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